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A Guide to Working in the Publishing Industry: Statistics, Careers, and Trends



The publishing industry continues to grow and evolve, providing a wealth of career opportunities for a range of professionals, from editors to book designers.

Global publishing is now a $119 billion market, according to IBISWorld, with over 16,000 businesses operating in the industry. U.S. book publishers saw a 6.9% year-over-year revenue increase in 2019, as reported by the Association of American Publishers. Meanwhile, the internet and digital publishing tools have made books more accessible to readers across the globe and revolutionized how many companies operate.

Publishing is going strong and experiencing rapid change, making it an attractive career field for future professionals of many backgrounds and interests.

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The publishing industry landscape

If you’re an aspiring publishing professional, you should understand the different types of publishing and research the leading industry players before deciding which area you’d like to work in.

Trade publishing

Trade publishers produce books for a general audience of readers, including novels, biographies, and children’s books. The top five trade publishing companies are:

  • Hachette Book Group
  • HarperCollins
  • Penguin Random House
  • Simon & Schuster
  • MacMillan Publishers

Academic publishing

Academic publishers produce books for schools and universities, such as textbooks. Leading academic publishing companies include:

  • Cambridge University Press
  • Oxford University Press
  • Routledge
  • Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Palgrave Macmillan

Independent publishing

Independent publishers, or small presses, are not affiliated with large corporations. As such, they may have more creative freedom in producing and marketing books, commonly publishing material for niche genres and specific communities.

Examples of independent publishing companies include:

  • Bellevue Literary Press
  • City Lights Publishers
  • Coffee House Press
  • Enchanted Lion Books
  • Graywolf Press


Self-publishing platforms allow authors almost complete control over the publishing process, from price to art direction to distribution. This option has become increasingly popular, as evidenced by the 40% increase in self-published books from 2017 to 2018.

Top self-publishing platforms include:

  • Amazon’s Kindle Direct Publishing
  • Barnes & Noble Press
  • Apple Books
  • Lulu
  • Reedsy

Careers in the publishing industry

The publishing process is complex, spanning many different fields and careers. Here’s a breakdown of the steps — and job roles — involved in taking a book from being written to sold.


Acquisition occurs when a publishing company buys the rights to a book from an author, literary agent, or editor. Books are often acquired based on samples or proposals, as well as their projected ability to drive sales.

Career: Literary Agent

Literary agents represent writers, acting as intermediaries between authors and publishing companies. They often review manuscripts and pitch them to publishers on their clients’ behalf. They also help clients negotiate contracts and deals with favorable terms, such as larger advances. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), agents of independent artists, writers, and performers earned a median salary of $71,380 in 2019.


Editing involves making structural changes and major revisions to a book as needed. It entails adjusting elements such as narrative, pacing, length, tone, and characterization to make the book more readable and salable.

Career: Book Editor

Book editors fulfill these responsibilities, preparing manuscripts for publication. They may work in-house with publishing companies or as freelance consultants, such as for independent publishers and self-published authors. According to July 2020 data from PayScale, book editors earn a median annual salary of around $46,000.

Copy editing

Copy editing goes beyond structural editing to find and correct small errors in the text, such as spelling and punctuation issues. It may also involve fact-checking statistics and information.

Career: Proofreader

Proofreaders carefully go through the latest version of a manuscript, correcting any typographical and grammatical issues before confirming it’s ready for design and layout. According to the BLS, proofreaders earned a median salary of $38,510 in 2019.


Designing involves creating cover art and choosing images and illustrations to be included in the book. It may also entail preparing the book layout, such as spacing and margins, for printing or online publishing according to the publishing company’s style guidelines.

Career: Book Designer

Book designers may specialize in certain areas, such as cover design, print design, or e-book design. According to July 2020 data from PayScale, book designers earn a median annual salary of around $31,000.


Book production is the process of binding and printing a new publication. Publishing companies often print a small number of advance copies of a book to be checked by the editor and sent to reviewers before it hits shelves. Once the advance edition receives approval, the book can be printed for sale and distribution.

Career: Book Publisher

Book publishers manage each stage of the production process, ensuring that the manuscript is on schedule for its publication date. According to July 2020 data from PayScale, book publishers earn a median annual salary of around $50,000.

Distribution and sales

A publishing company or self-publishing author distributes copies of a book to retailers, wholesalers, and libraries. They may also send digital copies to online marketplaces for e-book sales. Publishing companies can also help authors negotiate sales for international distribution, as well as movie or TV rights.

Career: Book Buyer

Book buyers or purchasing managers work with bookstores and distributors to find publications for them to sell. These professionals use factors such as customer demographics, retailer locations, and costs to choose the best products for each seller. According to the BLS, purchasing managers and buyers earned a median salary of $69,600 in 2019.


Marketing involves promoting new books for sale. Publishing companies and authors might work with bookstores, catalogs, book conferences and fairs, and media outlets to advertise their publications. Today, authors are also encouraged to conduct online outreach through channels such as social media, blogs, newsletters, and podcasts.

Career: Publicist

Publicists work with authors and publishing companies to build campaigns for new books about to hit the market. Their responsibilities can include sourcing customer reviews and scheduling interviews, readings, and signings. According to July 2020 data from Pay Scale, publicists earn a median annual salary of around $49,000.

How to get a job in the publishing industry

If you’re interested in building a career in the publishing industry, use these actionable tips to get started.

Earn a degree in a related field

Find a bachelor’s degree program in your desired career field, such as publishing, marketing, or communications. The program should provide you with the knowledge and skills you need to begin building a portfolio and pursuing opportunities to gain experience in your preferred job role.

Gain experience with an internship

Complement your education with hands-on, real-world experience. The top five trade publishing companies offer internships, as do many small and independent publishers. As self-publishing continues to thrive, you can also find opportunities to work with independent authors and online publishing platforms to learn about the publishing process.

Network in person and online

Network with current publishing professionals, as well as peers trying to enter the industry. Communicate with these connections through virtual or in-person meetups to stay abreast of internship opportunities, helpful tips, and new trends affecting your field.

Use these valuable resources to begin networking and taking the next steps in your publishing career:

  • Association of American Publishers (AAP). This association supports publishers on matters of law and policy, and it advocates for creative expression in the industry.
  • American Booksellers Association (ABA). Founded in 1900, this nonprofit supports independent bookstores with educational programming, business services, and local advocacy efforts.
  • Association of University Presses (AUP). This association provides educational, networking, and research opportunities for 155 academic presses.
  • Editorial Freelancers Association (EFA). The EFA connects editors, writers, publishers, and proofreaders and provides them with educational resources for excelling in their careers.
  • Independent Book Publishers Association (IBPA). This association aims to provide independent publishers with access to the tools, education, and knowledge they need to succeed in a competitive industry.
  • Publishing Professionals Network (PPN). This nonprofit organization provides educational resources to anyone interested in building a career in book publishing.
  • Young to Publishing Group (YPG). This group, part of the AAP, gives entry-level publishing employees a community of peers to connect with and learn from.

Trends for the future of publishing

The publishing industry is ever-changing as consumer interests evolve, publishing companies merge, and new technologies revolutionize the publishing process.

The following major trends are currently shaping the future of publishing:

The growth of audiobooks

Audiobooks are booming, even overtaking e-books in sales. According to the Association of American Publishers, downloadable audio sales increased 22% from 2018 to 2019, driving $577 million in sales. Like streaming music and podcasts, which are also growing in popularity, audiobooks can be accessed easily across devices and listened to on the go.

The increase in independent bookstores

As bookstore chains such as Barnes & Noble and Borders continue to close, independent bookstores are popping up to fill the gap and offer in-person retail experiences for book buyers. These mom-and-pop shops can forge more personal connections with consumers and provide more curated experiences. Publishers should embrace opportunities to build relationships with independent bookstores to learn about their buyers and get books on their shelves.

The self-publishing boom

Self-publishing will continue to grow as authors seek to bypass go-between publishing companies and sell their work on their own terms. This will likely drive an increased need for freelance publishing professionals, such as editors, designers, and marketers, who can work with self-published authors on a contract basis. However, industry insiders predict that the top five publishing companies will start using Amazon’s Kindle Direct Publishing platform to release books on their backlists and generate revenue.

New strategies and tools for digital marketing

Today’s book publishers and authors can go beyond just launching ads and hosting book signings to promote their new works. They can use the internet to build websites, blogs, and social media campaigns, reaching audiences across the world without breaking the bank. Specifically, marketers and self-published authors can consider these growing channels to spread the work about their books:

  • Viewership has increased 99% since 2019, with platforms such as Twitch, YouTube, and Facebook driving the most engagement. Authors can use livestreams to host real-time book readings, Q&As, and contests.
  • Over half the U.S. population has listened to podcasts and audiobooks, and that number is likely to grow. Authors can launch their own podcasts, join podcasts as guests or interviewees, or place ads in relevant podcasts, such as those of book reviewers.
  • Email newsletters. Statista projects 3 billion people will be email users by 2023 — up from 3.9 billion in 2019. Authors can use this channel to distribute electronic newsletters with exclusive content, book previews, and special offers for loyal readers.

Build a career in the publishing industry

There’s no one way to build a career in the publishing industry. Students and professionals interested in publishing can choose from a range of fields, from editing and design to marketing and book buying. Just be sure to build your knowledge and experience in your chosen area and stay on top of new trends. As technologies and audience interests evolve, the publishing industry will continue to change and, as a result, offer exciting career opportunities.

The outline lists Book Packager, but we couldn’t find salary information for that field, so we replaced it with Publisher.

The outline calls for Book Seller, which is the person-to-person retail end (and which usually doesn’t require a BA); we replaced it with Book Buyer, which is more connected to publishers.


Understanding Your Rights After a Daytona Beach Accident: A Guide for Victims




As you deal with the consequences of a Daytona Beach accident, you must understand your rights to ensure fair compensation and justice. You’re not only coping with physical and emotional trauma but also dealing with insurance companies, legal procedures, and Florida accident laws. You need to know how to seek medical attentiondocument expenses, and build a strong case. To get started, it’s crucial to take the right steps in the days and weeks following an accident. The Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine can guide you through this process. We’ll outline the key steps to protect your rights and secure a favorable outcome. If you’ve been involved in an accident, consider consulting with a Daytona Beach Accident Claims Lawyer to ensure you’re taking the necessary actions to protect your rights.

Key Takeaways

  • Seek immediate medical attention after an accident, as some injuries may have delayed symptoms that are just as severe.
  • Understand Florida accident laws, including comparative negligence, statute of limitations, and ‘no-fault’ insurance laws, to effectively seek justice.
  • Document interactions with insurance companies and understand policy loopholes to prevent claim denial and low settlements.
  • Preserve evidence, including medical records and expenses, to strengthen your personal injury case and ensure fair compensation.
  • Consult with an experienced attorney to navigate the claims process, develop a strong case narrative, and protect your rights as a victim.

Seeking Medical Attention After Accident

Immediately after a Daytona Beach accident, we must prioritize our health and well-being by seeking prompt medical attention, even if our injuries appear minor. It’s important to remember that some injuries may not manifest immediately, and delayed symptoms can be just as severe as immediate ones. We should never assume that we’re fine just because we don’t feel severe pain or discomfort right away.

In fact, some injuries, such as concussions, whiplash, or internal injuries, may take days or even weeks to manifest. That’s why it’s vital to get an immediate diagnosis from a medical professional. By doing so, we can rule out any potential life-threatening conditions and begin treatment for our injuries promptly. Delayed symptoms can be particularly challenging to diagnose, as they may not appear until weeks or even months after the accident.

As accident victims, we must be proactive in seeking medical attention. We should never downplay our injuries or brush them off as minor. Instead, we should prioritize our health and well-being by seeking immediate medical attention. By doing so, we can make sure that we receive the necessary treatment to recover from our injuries and regain our quality of life. Remember, our health is our top priority, and seeking prompt medical attention is the first step towards recovery.

Dealing With Insurance Companies Effectively

After seeking medical attention, we must handle the challenging process of dealing with insurance companies, which can be a demanding task, especially when we’re still recovering from our injuries. It’s important to understand that insurance companies are businesses, and their primary goal is to minimize payouts. To effectively deal with them, we need to be mindful of their tactics and policies.

Insurance companies often use various tactics to deny or reduce claims. They might ask us to provide unnecessary information, delay processing our claims, or try to get us to accept a low settlement. We must be cautious and not fall prey to these tactics. It’s vital to document every interaction with the insurance company, including dates, times, and details of conversations.

We should also be aware of policy loopholes that the insurance company might use to deny our claim. For instance, if we missed a deadline or failed to disclose certain information, the insurance company might use this as a reason to deny our claim. By understanding our policy and the insurance company’s tactics, we can make sure we receive the compensation we merit. It’s important to stay organized, persistent, and informed throughout the process. Remember, we don’t have to face this challenging process alone. Consulting with an experienced attorney can greatly improve our chances of getting a fair settlement.

Understanding Florida Accident Laws

As we maneuver through the intricate process of dealing with insurance companies, it’s equally important for us to understand the Florida accident laws that govern our case and ultimately impact the outcome of our claim. Florida statutes dictate the rules and regulations surrounding personal injury cases, and it’s imperative we comprehend these laws to traverse the system effectively.

One critical aspect of Florida accident laws is the concept of Comparative Negligence. This doctrine allows the court to assign a percentage of fault to each party involved in an accident. For instance, if we’re found to be 20% responsible for the accident, our damages will be reduced by that percentage. Understanding Comparative Negligence is crucial, as it directly affects the amount of compensation we may be eligible to receive.

Florida statutes also dictate the statute of limitations, which sets a deadline for filing a claim. It’s important we’re aware of these time constraints to avoid missing our opportunity to seek justice. Additionally, Florida’s ‘no-fault’ insurance laws require us to carry Personal Injury Protection (PIP) insurance, which provides limited coverage for medical expenses and lost wages, regardless of fault.

Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuit

We take the next vital step in seeking justice by filing a personal injury lawsuit, which demands careful preparation and strategic planning to guarantee the best possible outcome. It’s important to understand the process and what to expect when pursuing legal action after a Daytona Beach accident.

Before filing, we must consider the statute of limitations, which in Florida is typically four years from the date of the accident. Failure to file within this timeframe can result in the loss of our right to seek compensation. We must also gather all relevant evidence, including medical recordswitness statements, and police reports, to build a strong case.

Once we’ve prepared our case, we’ll proceed to the discovery phase, where we’ll exchange information with the opposing party. This may involve depositions, interrogatories, and requests for production. We’ll also participate in jury selection, carefully choosing impartial jurors who can render a fair verdict.

Throughout the process, we’ll work closely with our attorney to develop a compelling narrative that showcases the extent of our injuries and the negligence of the responsible party. By doing so, we’ll increase our chances of securing fair compensation for our losses. By understanding the ins and outs of filing a personal injury lawsuit, we can navigate the intricate legal system with confidence and assert our rights as accident victims.

Protecting Your Rights as Victim

Our rights as victims of a Daytona Beach accident are only as strong as our ability to protect them. It’s essential to take proactive steps to safeguard our interests and make sure we receive the compensation we merit.

Protecting Our RightsWhy It MattersActionable Steps
Preserving EvidenceVital for building a strong caseTake photos, notes, and witness statements
Seeking Legal RepresentationExpert guidance for maneuvering the legal systemConsult with a Daytona Beach accident attorney
Documenting ExpensesAccurate record-keeping for compensationKeep receipts, invoices, and medical records
Avoiding Statements to InsurersProtecting ourselves from misrepresentationRefrain from giving statements without legal counsel

We must be mindful of the actions we take immediately following an accident. Preserving evidence, seeking legal representation, documenting expenses, and avoiding statements to insurers are all crucial steps in protecting our rights. By taking these proactive measures, we can strengthen our position and increase our chances of securing fair compensation. Remember, our rights are only as strong as our ability to protect them. By being informed and taking the necessary steps, we can ensure that our rights are protected and our interests are represented.


As accident victims, we’ve learned that seeking immediate medical attentiondealing with insurance companies effectively, and understanding Florida accident laws are vital steps in protecting our rights. By preserving evidence, documenting expenses accurately, and seeking legal representation from professionals like the Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine, we can build a strong case and increase our chances of a favorable outcome. By being informed and proactive, we can take control of the process of filing a personal injury lawsuit and guarantee fair compensation and justice. If you’ve been injured in an accident, remember that you have the power to take action and secure your rights; take the first step towards fair compensation and Contact Us.

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7 Key Elements of a Strong Business Partnership Agreement




Entering a business partnership is akin to a marriage in the commercial world. Like any successful marriage, a partnership should begin with clarity and understanding, embodied in a well-crafted partnership agreement. This document is fundamental in defining how the business operates and how disputes are managed, preventing misunderstandings that could potentially derail the business. Here are the seven key elements every strong business partnership agreement should include:

1. Ownership and Capital Contributions

Clearly outline each partner’s stake in the business. This includes not just the percentage of ownership but also what each partner is contributing to the business, whether it’s cash, property, or services. A detailed account of these contributions at the outset prevents disputes over equity and investment down the line.

2. Distribution of Profits and Losses

Decide and state explicitly how profits and losses will be shared among partners. Will profits be distributed equally, or will they correspond to each partner’s contribution or ownership percentage? Addressing this early on will smooth out one of the most critical aspects of a business partnership.

3. Roles and Responsibilities

A partnership works best when each partner knows what is expected of them. The agreement should specify the roles, responsibilities, and expectations for each partner, including who makes daily business decisions, who handles specific duties, and how responsibilities are divided. This clarity ensures the business operates smoothly and efficiently.

4. Decision-Making Processes

Establish how decisions will be made within the partnership, including what types of decisions require unanimous consent and which ones can be made by a single partner. This section should also cover how disputes will be resolved, whether through mediation, arbitration, or another method. It’s essential for preventing deadlock situations that can hinder business operations.

5. Dispute Resolution

Despite the best intentions, disagreements will arise. Including a dispute resolution process in your partnership agreement can help resolve conflicts without resorting to legal action. Whether it’s through mediation, arbitration, or a designated third party, having a clear method for handling disputes can save time, money, and relationships.

6. Change of Ownership

Consider scenarios such as a partner wanting to exit, retire, or sell their portion of the business. How will their share be valued? Who can buy into the partnership? Setting these terms in advance helps manage transitions smoothly without significant disruption to the business.

7. Dissolution

Though it may seem pessimistic to consider the end at the beginning, outlining the process for dissolving the business is crucial. This includes how assets will be distributed, how debts will be paid, and any other steps required to wind down the business properly. Having an exit strategy in place provides a clear path forward if the partnership must be dissolved.

Invest in the Future

In summary, a strong business partnership agreement lays the foundation for a successful collaboration. It not only outlines the expectations and responsibilities of each partner but also provides mechanisms for managing disputes and transitions. By including these seven key elements, partners can ensure their business operates smoothly, focuses on growth, and withstands the challenges of partnership dynamics. Taking the time to create a comprehensive partnership agreement is an investment in the future stability and success of the business.

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Is Your Business Up-to-Date with HIPAA Compliance Regulations? What You Need to Know




For businesses in the healthcare sector, adhering to regulations like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has become increasingly vital. HIPAA compliance protects patients’ privacy and ensures their health information is securely managed. Whether you’re newly navigating the waters of healthcare data or looking to refresh your knowledge, understanding HIPAA’s requirements and how they apply to your business is key to maintaining trust, legality, and integrity in healthcare services.

Understanding HIPAA Compliance

HIPAA, established in 1996, sets the standard for the protection of sensitive patient data. Any company that deals with protected health information (PHI) must ensure that all the required physical, network, and process security measures are in place and followed. This includes covered entities (e.g., healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses) and business associates (e.g., billing companies, third-party consultants, and even cloud storage providers involved with PHI).

The legislation has evolved, particularly with the introduction of the HIPAA Privacy Rule and the HIPAA Security Rule, dictating the use and safeguarding of PHI held in electronic form (ePHI). The Omnibus Rule, introduced in 2013, further extended these protections and penalties to business associates.

Significance of Compliance

Non-compliance with HIPAA can result in substantial financial penalties, legal issues, and damage to a business’s reputation. Beyond these consequences, HIPAA compliance plays a critical role in protecting the privacy and security of patient information—a fundamental component of patient care and trust in the medical system.

HIPAA compliance also ensures businesses are prepared for potential data breaches, with protocols in place to respond effectively. In an era where cyber threats are increasingly sophisticated, compliance isn’t just about adhering to rules; it’s about safeguarding the wellbeing of patients and the stability of healthcare businesses.

Steps to Ensure Compliance

  1. Conduct a Risk Analysis: Regularly evaluate your practices and systems to identify vulnerabilities to ePHI. Addressing these gaps proactively can prevent breaches before they occur.
  2. Implement Strong Safeguard Measures: This includes both physical safeguards like secure locations for patient data and technical safeguards such as encryption and access controls.
  3. Train Your Staff: All employees should understand their role in maintaining HIPAA compliance. Regular training ensures staff is up-to-date on policies and procedures.
  4. Review and Revise Policies: As both technology and regulations change, it’s crucial to periodically review and update your security measures and company policies.
  5. Engage with Business Associates Carefully: Ensure that any third-party vendors who have access to PHI agree to the same standards of privacy and security you hold, typically formalized through a Business Associate Agreement (BAA).

Staying Up-to-Date

Regulations and guidelines can change, so staying informed is critical. Regularly check updates from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and consider joining reputable healthcare forums or consulting with a compliance professional.

Moving Forward

HIPAA compliance is a dynamic and ongoing process, reflecting the changing nature of technology, cybersecurity threats, and healthcare practices. Businesses that treat compliance as an opportunity to improve their practices—rather than as a regulatory burden—can improve their service quality and patient relations while safeguarding against data breaches and legal complications.

By ensuring your business is compliant with HIPAA regulations, you’re not only adhering to the law but also demonstrating a commitment to the privacy and wellbeing of your patients. It’s a critical step in building and maintaining trust in the increasingly digital world of healthcare.

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