It’s an ambitious – even daring – goal, but science tells us it’s a goal of vital importance for every person who lives today and for any generation to follow.” Microsoft President Brad Smith explains on the company’s blog.
Microsoft is the first of the tech giants to tackle the climate crisis, announcing an operational plan to reduce its carbon footprint. This was announced on Thursday by Microsoft President Brad Smith, CFO Amy Hood and CEO Satya Nadella.
Carbon Footprint is a total of greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming (through direct emission or through land use) caused by a company, event, product, country or person. Greenhouse gases are emitted during the use of fossil fuel for transportation, during electricity generation, in forests, as well as in the production and consumption of food, raw materials, timber, houses, roads and other products and services. For simplicity of reporting and comparability, most carbon footprints are measured in units of the amount of carbon dioxide equivalent to the size and strength of the greenhouse gas emitted.
The name “carbon footprint” originates from the concept of ecological footprint. The carbon footprint is part of the ecological footprint calculation as well as part of product and activity life cycle analysis.
When you know the carbon footprint of a person, organization or state, a plan can be built to reduce the number of emissions. Through technological changes, changes in consumer choice, changing economic incentives by changing taxation and subsidies or by legislation and more.
Microsoft has announced that it will have a negative carbon footprint of its operations and supply chain operations by 2030. Microsoft will also set up a $ 1 billion fund to join the effort to develop atmospheric carbon removal solutions.
In a Microsoft blog explanation, Smith writes: “The scientific consensus is clear. The world is facing an urgent carbon problem. Our carbon in the atmosphere has created a heat trap and is changing the climate in the world. To rise, science tells us the results will be catastrophic. ”
As the scientific community warns, human activity has released more than two trillion tons of greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere since the beginning of the first industrial revolution in the mid-1700s. More than three-quarters of the gases are carbon dioxide, with most of that carbon emitted since the mid-1950s . It is more carbon than nature can re-absorb, and every year humanity throws more than 50 billion tons of additional greenhouse gases into the air. This is not a problem that lasts for several years or even a decade. As soon as the excess carbon enters the atmosphere, it can take thousands of years to fade away. ”
“Climate experts in the world agree that the world must take urgent action to reduce emissions. In the end, we must reach ‘zero’ emissions, which means humanity must remove the amount of carbon it emits each year. It will require aggressive approaches, new technology that does not exist today and innovative public policies. It’s an ambitious – even daring – goal, but science tells us it’s a goal of vital importance for every person who lives today and for any generation to follow. ” Smith adds.
“While the world will need to reach a net-zero, those of us who can afford to move faster should do so. So we are announcing an ambitious goal and a new plan to reduce and eventually remove Microsoft’s footprint. By 2030, Microsoft will be negative in terms of carbon emissions, and by 2050 Microsoft will remove all the carbon that the company has emitted directly or by electricity since its inception in 1975. ”
“We recognize that progress requires not only a bold goal but a detailed plan. As outlined below, we are launching an aggressive program today to reduce our carbon emissions by more than half by 2030, both our direct emissions and those of our supply chain and value. We will fund this in part by Expanding our internal carbon commission, imposed in 2012 and increased last year, to begin charging not only our direct emissions, but also the clear scientific consensus, the world is facing an urgent carbon problem. The carbon in the atmosphere has created a heat-trapping blanket of gas and is changing the climate. Already in the world, the temperature of the Earth has risen above one degree Celsius we will stop emissions and temperatures continue to rise, science tells us the results will be catastrophic. ”
“As the scientific community has concluded, human activity has released more than two trillion tons of greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere since the beginning of the first industrial revolution in the mid-18th century, more than three quarters of which is carbon dioxide, with most of that carbon emitted since the mid-1950s. Carbon from what nature can absorb, and every year humanity releases more than 50 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases into the air. This is not a problem that lasts for several years or even a decade. As much as carbon enters the atmosphere, it can take thousands of years to fade away. ”
“Climate experts in the world agree that the world must take urgent action to reduce emissions. In the end, we must reach ‘zero’ emissions, which means humanity must remove the amount of carbon it emits each year. This will require aggressive approaches, new technology that does not exist today and innovative public policy. It’s an ambitious – even daring – goal, but science tells us it’s a goal of vital importance for every person who lives today and for any generation to follow. ” Smith explains.
Microsoft: Negative Carbon Footprint by 2030
“While the world will need to reach zero, those of us who can afford to move faster and need to do so are announcing an ambitious goal and a new plan to reduce and ultimately remove Microsoft’s footprint.”
“By 2030, Microsoft will be carbon-negative, and by 2050, Microsoft will remove all the carbon that the company has emitted directly or by electricity since its inception in 1975.”
“We recognize that progress requires not only a bold goal but a detailed plan. As outlined below, we are launching an aggressive program today to reduce our carbon footprint by more than half by 2030, both for our direct emissions and for our entire supply chain and value. By expanding our internal carbon commission, which has been in place since 2012 and increased last year, to begin balancing not only our direct emissions, but also those of our supply chains and value. ”
“We are also launching an initiative to use Microsoft technology to help our suppliers and customers around the world reduce their carbon footprints, as well as set up a $ 1 billion fund to accelerate the evolution of carbon removal technology. From next year, we will also make carbon reduction an explicit aspect of procurement processes For our supply chain, our progress on all these fronts will be published in a new annual environmental sustainability report that will detail our carbon footprint and carbon reduction journey. And finally, all of this work will support our voice and advocates who support a public policy that will accelerate opportunities for carbon reduction from our supply chains and value.
And of course, we cannot talk about Microsoft trying to promote a cleaner planet, without also talking about Bill Gates.
Solutions to the climate crisis:
In early September 2019, Ban Ki-moon, former U.N. Secretary-General Bill Gates, Microsoft founder and Christina Georgieva, chief executive of the IMF, signed the first report of the World Commission on Adaptation, headed by them. They were joined by more than 30 other leaders, such as the Mayor of Paris, the Canadian Environment Minister, and the President of the Marshall Islands, in a call for investment in climate change mitigation measures, which the report says are expected to yield a huge economic return.
The initiative was established in October 2018 to drive climate change crisis management through technology, investment and planning and to explore how social and economic systems can be better adapted to the realities of the climate crisis. The guiding understanding is that the Paris Agreement’s goals of slowing global warming and stopping it below the threshold of an average rise of 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the current century will probably no longer be achieved. In contrast, a 3 or 4 \u00b0 C rise will lead to a turning point that will change the life-supportive natural systems beyond recognition. According to the new research, a $ 1.8 trillion investment in adaptation measures over the next decade – according to all studies, the critical decade to succeed in mitigating the climate crisis to live with – will yield at least $ 7 trillion.
The new report highlights five key areas to invest in (ranked according to the expected return on investment): early warning systems against extreme weather events, infrastructure (buildings, roads, bridges) better adapted to changing climatic conditions, agriculture suitable for hot and dry conditions More, restoration of mangrove coastal ecosystems that provide shore protection against wave energy thus reducing coastal erosion (erosion) and risk of flooding during storms, and protecting water supply systems from pollution and leaks.
In the case of extreme weather alert, for example, it is estimated that one day earlier to prepare for an extreme event (such as a hurricane) is enough to subtract up to 30 percent of the economic damage. In the area of \u200b\u200binfrastructure that will generate a $ 4 trillion refund, white roofing has significantly reduced the number of deaths in the city of Ahmedabad in India, as it moderated the impact of heat waves on residents’ homes and built-up space (reducing urban heat). In the field of agriculture, dividing genetically adapted seeds into dry conditions – as is already done with corn in Zimbabwe – raises the yield per unit of land in dozens of counters.
These investments are characterized by a triple return: they prevent future losses (property damage, health, etc.), have positive economic benefits (such as the return on sale of more agricultural produce), and lead to more social and environmental achievements (reducing hunger, for example); According to the World Bank, investing in the climate crisis is part of the quest for a more equitable world and without it at least 100 million more people will be part of the global cycle of poverty at the end of the current decade.
A possible source of funding for such investments could be a diversion of capital currently invested in the fossil fuel energy industry for the benefit of a low-carbon economy. According to a report by the American Thinking Institute, about 110 institutions that manage about $ 11 trillion have stopped investing in this segment. Another source is choosing innovative investments: for example, rather than investing in engineering-based solutions such as the construction of flood dams – which are projects Energy-intensive and cement-free greenhouse gas emissions – Invest in natural capital-based solutions, such as restoring mangrove forests, which live on salt-water-soaked beaches, and absorb carbon dioxide and provide a host of ecological benefits, such as creating a unique, protected environment for young fish (using their roots) ) Another example of this approach is the Dutch project “Mac And to the stream, “which replaces artificial engineering interventions with measures based on natural principles,
A possible source of funding for such investments could be a diversion of capital currently invested in the fossil fuel energy industry for the benefit of a low-carbon economy.
But in some cases, the report warns, it will not be possible to invest in coping and the preferred alternative is the relocation of communities whose resilience is not guaranteed, such as seaside settlements and especially in island states that are only slightly higher than the sea level, such as the Maldives.
And there are also public measures: In Fiji, the “environmental tax and climate change” is levied on certain services and products (plastic bags, luxury cars, or yachts) as well as high revenue and directed toward community resilience projects, especially in infrastructure. In Miami, a $ 400 million fund was set up from City Hall to fund the city’s adaptation to rising sea levels.
However, it is not enough to increase the volume of investments in the climate sector, but their character must also be changed. According to a review by the OECD, less than 20 percent of investment in the sector is directed toward adaptation, while the vast majority is directed toward reducing emissions. This investment policy is risking poorer countries, already suffering from the effects of the climate crisis. According to the report, only a similar and parallel investment in mitigation and adaptation will also balance current resilience alongside the longer-term crisis recession.
Incidentally, the gap between adaptation and adulthood is particularly large in private sector investments devoted almost entirely to emissions reduction. According to this report, total investment in 2017 was about $ 71 billion, with at least $ 100 billion needed by 2022 to help developing countries, especially island nations, find the path to resilience.
The report was released ahead of the UN Climate Summit held in September 2019 at the summit itself, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, together with the World Bank and several governments, announced the initial investment in line with the report’s recommendations. The $ 790 million investment will be directed mainly to improving farmers’ ability Small farms add and produce food under changing climatic conditions.
Smokers Looking To Quit Need NRT
Over 480,000 Americans die every year due to cigarette smoking. As of 2017, it was estimated that 14% of American adults were consistent smokers – 75% of those choosing to light up daily. Not only do these individuals pay with their lives, but the act also costs the US over $300 billion each year. Of that number, somewhere near $170 billion is grouped into direct medical care costs – then, there is a $156 billion direct cost to employers from lost productivity.
Smokers who realize the harmful and costly effects of smoking are surely cognizant of quitting. Unfortunately, the nicotine in tobacco can cause a strong physical dependence if taken over a long period of time. Quitting cold may be possible for select individuals but for the common quitter, nicotine withdrawal symptoms are difficult, if downright miserable, to ignore. As of 2015, 68% of smokers mention that want to quit completely.
If you aim to quit smoking, or have attempted to already, it is first important to speak to your doctor about correct ways to manage withdrawal symptoms. They will be able to connect you with the proper medication and helpful information regarding the process as well as local support groups to help ease the burden of this journey by yourself.
Nicotine Replacement Therapy
If you are looking to quit, you are more than likely already familiar with Nicotine Replacement Thera (NRT). Taken through lozenges, gum, sprays, inhalers, and patches, these nicotine-containing products help reduce withdrawal symptoms when quitting cigarettes and other tobacco-containing products. It is suggested that you begin NRT as soon as you quit tobacco. Do not wait as the delay can set up your mental considerations for failure. NRT products provide the quitting smoker with the same level of nicotine in a tobacco product to combat any withdrawal symptoms once taken into the body from harmful smoking products.
Symptoms of withdrawal may include:
- Difficulty Concentrating
- Weight Gain
- Sore Throat
NRT will only aide in the physical aspect of the withdrawal, not the behavioral. It is suggested you seek support groups and programs to deal with the mental and emotional attachment of the drug. it has been noted in many studies that smokers using NRT to quit have nearly twice the chances of quitting compared to those who not use the products.
Additionally, smokers who fall into one or several of these categories are prime suspects for its treatment – smokers that light up:
- More than 1 pack a day
- Whilst sick
- At night
- Minutes upon waking up
However, it must be noted that NRT is perfectly safe for adults. Teens and pregnant women should not attempt the process.
The Multi-Purpose Role Of The Aloe Vera
Whether you know it or not, aloe vera has several positive uses inside the home.
If you’re anything like us, you use a lot of aloe vera around this time of the year. Every time you stay out in the sun a “little too long”, it’s time to run back inside and slather on this magnificent plant slurry all over your burned body to give it some sweet relief after charring it in the sun. But aloe vera is so much more than just soothing sunburns… you can actually use this plant for so many other uses that will blow your mind. Prepare to have your opinion of aloe vera jump to an all-time high.
Get Rid of Acne
Yeah, aloe vera makes zits disappear. The plant has a bunch of antiseptics swimming around that make your zits pack up and take a hike. However, it’s not all sunshine for everybody. Some people are actually allergic to this plant’s gel, so make sure you do a small test on your body before covering yourself in it, especially if it’s on an already irritated patch.
Moisturize Your Skin
In case you were unsure if goo makes your skin moist, now you know. Don’t write this plant off as just ordinary goo, though, it moisturizes while helping protect against skin cancer. Now that’s some helpful goo.
If you got that hard skin, then reach for the aloe vera plant because that will smooth your skin right on out. Dryness and irritation are the cause of many terrible skin diseases and the best way to protect against that is to slap on some aloe and stay nice and moist.
Helps Small Wounds
Stop swelling and help clean the wound with aloe vera, the answer to all of your prayers. But the benefits don’t end there, the juicy aloe vera gel actually adds to the elasticity of your skin helping that heal as well. This plant works especially well on burns, unsurprisingly, but what is surprising is just how much it helps. A study recently found that you can heal up to nine days faster when using aloe vera on a burn. Wow!
A Shaving Cream Alternative
Since the aloe vera plant is filled with gel, it is fantastic to shave with. But if you’re bad at shaving, or are new to shaving, the aloe vera might be your best bet because it’s natural antibacterial properties will help whenever you get a small cut.
Clean your face or all your makeup with aloe vera. All you need to do is coat your face in this incredible goo and then use a washcloth to wipe it off along with all of your makeup. When you’re all done, not only will your face be clean but it will be moisturized as well. Once you see how well these plants work for all these alternative uses, you’ll be wondering what this plant can’t do.
These 12 Myths About Washing Your Face Are Debunked By Professionals
There are guidelines when it comes to personal hygiene, especially when washing your face is involved. The excess of skin care regimens out there makes it extremely difficult to find one that works for your face. The amount of conflicting information and rumors around skin care routines is frustrating to say the least, so let’s get things straight.
With a few expert opinions, we’re here to make it slightly less confusing to find a routine. These popular myths that you hear so often are debunked by accredited dermatologists. You might be surprised to find that you’ve been doing it wrong this whole time. Let’s clear up the myths around clearing up your face!
Myth Number 1: Don’t Wash your face in the shower.
A leading professional in the field of dermatology confirms that the idea of avoiding washing your face in the shower is a total myth. It turns out the hot water from the shower actually helps to give your pores a deeper and more efficient clean.
Myth Number 2: Wash your face two times a day.
Washing your face once before you go to bed to remove dirt that’s built up during the day is perfectly normal. In fact, it depends on your skin type and how oily it is. The number of times you need to wash your face depends on your individual needs.
Myth Number 3: Twice the wash with an oil and water-based cleanser is a must.
A water-based cleanser is great for all skin types. It is true that an oil-based cleanser removes certain make-up better, but you always want to follow it up with a water-based cleanser. So there really is no need for both to effectively clean your face.
Myth Number 4: If your face burns and is tight, then the cleanser is working.
The old addage “No pain, no gain” really shouldn’t be applied to your face. The sensitive balance of natural chemicals in your skin will often times be burned and irritated by acidic cleansers. This can lead to further skin problems. If something burns, you should definitely consult a dermatologist before you continue use.
Myth Number 5: Soap and water is all you need for your face routine.
Your face is unlike any other skin on your body. Regular soap is for regular things. Treat your skin with care and give it the essential oils and protection it needs.
Myth Number 6: The best way to clean deep in your pores is by scrubbing.
Scrubbing your face can lead to further allergic reactions or irritations. The skin adapts to the friction and actually creates a vicious cycle of skin problems.
Myth Number 7: If you don’t wash your face everyday, your skin will breakout.
Hormones and genetics also contribute to facial acne. You don’t necessarily need to wash your face everyday. Again you should do what’s best for your skin type.
Myth Number 8: Don’t use a washcloth when you dry your face.
If you use a regular washcloth that is used for everything on your face, it can be problematic. However, if you use a washcloth designated for your face it is less likely to have harmful bacteria.
Myth Number 9: All your face needs at night is a make-up removal product.
Using a make-up removal product is necessary, but not all you should do. Make-up often times leaves a trail of residue behind. You should wash your face as well to remove all of the dirt and oil.
Myth Number 10: You don’t need to wash your hands before washing your face.
Even if your hands don’t feel dirty they are. You use your hands all the time for everything. To avoid skin or eye irritation wash your hands before you wash your face.
Myth Number 11: You don’t need to remove the make-up before you wash your face.
Make-up is thick and has chemicals and pigments that some cleansers just can’t remove. Professionals recommend removing the make-up as a first step.
Myth Number 12: Any cleanser will work for your skin type.
You can avoid a lot of redness and irritation by finding the right type of cleanser for your skin. Every person has different oils and chemicals on their face, so it’s important to find the right one for you. A dermatologist can help finding one for you.
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