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8 Things to Know About CMMC 2.0



Last November, the Department of Defense (DoD) released the first version of their Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) framework. CMMC is a tiered system that rates an organization’s cybersecurity practices on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest level of security. The release of CMMC 2.0 is scheduled for sometime this year and will include updates to the framework based on feedback from the first version.

Here are 8 things to know about CMMC 2.0:

1.The update will include changes to the way certification is conducted.

The DoD is currently working on finalizing the language in CMMC 2.0, but they have indicated that there will be changes to the way certification is conducted. The goal is to make the process more efficient and reduce the burden on organizations seeking certification.

2. The update will include new requirements.

The exact nature of the new requirements is not yet known, but the DoD has indicated that they will be based on feedback from users of the first version of CMMC.

3. The update will include clarification of existing requirements.

Organizations that are already familiar with CMMC may find that some of the requirements are clarified in the 2.0 update. This clarification will help ensure that all organizations are held to the same standards.

4. The update will include a new assessment method.

The DoD is working on developing a new assessment method that will be used in conjunction with CMMC 2.0. This new method will help to ensure that organizations are meeting the requirements of the updated framework.

5. The update will not affect existing certifications.

Organizations that have already achieved CMMC certification will not need to recertify under the 2.0 update. However, they may need to make changes to their cybersecurity practices in order to meet the new requirements.

6. The update is not expected to be released until later this year.

The DoD has not yet announced an official release date for CMMC 2.0, but it is not expected to be available until later this year. Organizations should begin preparing for the update now so that they can be ready when it is released.

7. The DoD is still accepting feedback on CMMC.

The DoD is continuing to accept feedback on CMMC 2.0 and is encouraging organizations to submit their comments and suggestions. Feedback can be submitted through the CMMC website or by emailing [email protected].

8. Organizations can get help preparing for CMMC 2.0.

There are a number of resources available to help organizations prepare for CMMC 2.0. The DoD has released a readiness assessment tool and there are a number of private sector companies that offer consulting services. Organizations should take advantage of these resources so that they can be prepared when the update is released.

No matter what changes are made to CMMC 2.0, organizations should begin preparing now so that they can be ready when the update is released. By taking the time to prepare, organizations can ensure that they are in compliance with the new requirements and can continue to do business with the DoD.

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Common Signs You Have Been Phished




Phishing is a type of online scam where cybercriminals use deceptive techniques to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information such as login credentials, credit card numbers, and personal information. These scams often involve sending fraudulent emails or messages that appear to be from legitimate sources, luring victims into clicking on malicious links or attachments. As the sophistication of phishing attacks continues to increase, it is important to be aware of common signs that you may have been phished.

Sign #1: Suspicious Emails

The most common way cybercriminals conduct phishing attacks is through email. Phishing emails often appear to be from a trusted source, such as a bank or online service provider, and include urgent requests for personal information or ask the recipient to click on a link. These emails may also contain spelling and grammar errors, unusual email addresses, or requests for sensitive information that the organization would never ask for via email. Be wary of any unexpected or suspicious emails and do not click on any links or attachments unless you are certain they are legitimate.

Sign #2: Urgent Requests

Phishing attacks often use urgency as a tactic to pressure victims into taking immediate action. This may involve threatening consequences if the requested information is not provided or creating a sense of urgency by claiming that the individual’s account has been compromised. If you receive an urgent request for personal information, take a moment to verify its legitimacy before responding.

Sign #3: Unusual URLs

Phishing emails may contain links that appear to be legitimate but actually direct the user to a fake website designed to steal their information. To check if a link is genuine, hover your cursor over it and verify that the URL matches the actual website address. Be cautious of shortened URLs or links with misspellings or variations in the web address.

Sign #4: Requests for Personal Information

Legitimate organizations will rarely ask for sensitive personal information, such as social security numbers or login credentials, via email. If you receive an email requesting this type of information, do not respond and instead contact the organization directly through a verified method to confirm the legitimacy of the request.

Sign #5: Generic Greetings

Phishing emails often use generic greetings such as “Dear Customer” instead of addressing the recipient by name. This is because cybercriminals often send out mass emails and do not have access to personal information. If you receive an email from a legitimate organization that does not address you by name, be cautious and verify its legitimacy before responding.

Sign #6: Unusual Attachments

Attachments in phishing emails may contain malware or viruses that can compromise your computer and steal your information. If you receive an unexpected attachment, do not open it unless you are certain it is legitimate.

Sign #7: Suspicious Practices

If you have already fallen for a phishing attack, there may be some suspicious activity on your accounts. This could include unauthorized purchases or changes to account information. If you notice any unusual activity, contact the organization immediately to report it and take steps to secure your accounts.

As phishing attacks become more advanced, it is important to stay vigilant and be aware of common signs that you may have been phished. By being cautious of suspicious emails, requests for personal information, unusual URLs or attachments, and any other red flags, you can protect yourself from falling victim to these scams. If you suspect that you have been phished, it is important to take immediate action to secure your accounts and prevent any further damage. Remember, when in doubt, always verify the legitimacy of an email or request before taking any action. Stay safe online!

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Are Email Accounts Still Being Hacked by Cybercriminals?




The short answer is yes, email accounts are still being hacked by cybercriminals. While email security has greatly improved over the years, cyber attacks on email services and individual user accounts are still common. In fact, according to a report by Verizon in 2020, email was involved in 96% of all observed data breaches.

So why are hackers still targeting emails, despite the advancements in security measures? Let’s dive into some key points to help you understand why email accounts are still at risk and how you can protect yourself.

1. Email is a Lucrative Target

Email has become an essential tool for both personal and business communication, making it a prime target for hackers. By gaining access to an email account, cybercriminals can potentially access sensitive information such as personal and financial data, business communication, and login credentials for other accounts. This valuable information can then be used for identity theft, fraud, or sold on the dark web.

2. Phishing Attacks are Common

One of the main ways hackers gain access to email accounts is through phishing attacks. These scams involve sending fake emails that appear to be from a legitimate source, tricking users into revealing their login credentials or clicking on malicious links. With the rise of social engineering tactics, these attacks have become increasingly sophisticated and difficult to detect.

3. Weak Passwords are an Easy Target

Another common way hackers gain access to email accounts is through weak passwords. Many people still use simple and easy-to-guess passwords, making it easier for cybercriminals to crack them. It’s important to use strong and unique passwords for your email account, and to change them regularly.

4. Outdated Security Measures

While email providers have implemented advanced security measures over the years, many users may not be aware of them or fail to take advantage of them. It’s essential to keep your email security settings updated and utilize features such as two-factor authentication and email encryption.

5. Human Error is a Factor

Even with tight security protocols in place, human error can still lead to email account compromise. For example, if you access your email on a public or unsecured network, hackers may be able to intercept your communication and gain access to your account. It’s crucial to be vigilant when accessing your emails and use caution when opening links or attachments from unknown senders.

6. Email Accounts are Interconnected

Many people use their email account as a central hub for all their online activity. This means that if a hacker gains access to your email, they may also be able to access other accounts linked to it, such as social media or online banking. It’s important to monitor your email account regularly and keep an eye out for any suspicious activity.

7. Cybercriminals are Constantly Evolving

As technology and security measures evolve, so do cybercriminals. They are constantly finding new ways to bypass security protocols and trick users into giving up their information. This means that email accounts will continue to be a target for hackers, making it essential for users to stay informed and proactive in protecting their accounts.

In conclusion, while email accounts may still be at risk of being hacked, there are steps you can take to protect yourself. By staying informed about the latest security measures and being cautious when using your email account, you can help prevent cybercriminals from gaining access to your sensitive information. Remember: a little extra effort in securing your email account can go a long way in keeping your personal data safe. So stay informed, stay vigilant, and keep your email account secure. So let’s continue to stay safe online and protect our personal information. Happy emailing!

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A Beginner’s Guide to Exfoliants: What You Need to Know




Exfoliation is a crucial step in any skincare routine. This process removes dead skin cells, unclogs pores, and reveals smoother and brighter skin. However, with so many different types of exfoliants available on the market, it can be overwhelming for beginners to know where to start.

In this guide, we will break down the basics of exfoliation and provide you with six key things you need to know before incorporating exfoliants into your skincare routine.

What is Exfoliation?

Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. These dead skin cells can accumulate over time, causing a dull and rough appearance. By exfoliating regularly, you can reveal healthier and brighter-looking skin.

This process also helps to unclog pores, reduce blemishes and improve the overall texture of your skin.

Types of Exfoliants

There are two main types of exfoliants: physical and chemical. Physical exfoliants involve manually scrubbing or rubbing a product onto the skin to remove dead cells. This can include ingredients like sugar, salt, or microbeads.

Chemical exfoliants, on the other hand, use ingredients like alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs) to dissolve dead skin cells without any scrubbing. They are typically gentler than physical exfoliants and more suitable for sensitive skin types.

Frequency of Exfoliation

How often you should exfoliate depends on your skin type and the type of exfoliant you are using. For physical exfoliants, it is recommended to use them no more than twice a week as they can be too harsh if used too frequently.

Chemical exfoliants, on the other hand, can be used more often but should still be introduced gradually into your skincare routine to avoid irritation. It is best to start with once a week and gradually increase the frequency as your skin adapts.

Importance of Patch Testing

Before incorporating any new skincare product into your routine, it is crucial to patch test it first. This involves applying a small amount of the product on an inconspicuous area, such as behind your ear or on your neck, and waiting 24 hours to see if you have any adverse reaction.

This step is especially crucial when using chemical exfoliants, as they can cause irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals. If you experience any redness, swelling, or itching during the patch test, do not use the product on your face.

Sun Protection is Key

Exfoliation can make your skin more sensitive to the sun’s harmful rays, so it is essential to protect your skin with sunscreen. This is especially important when using chemical exfoliants as they can increase your skin’s photosensitivity.

Always use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and reapply throughout the day if you will be spending extended periods outdoors.

Exfoliating at Night

It is generally recommended to exfoliate at night, as this allows for better absorption of other skincare products and gives your skin time to repair overnight. Exfoliating in the morning can make your skin more vulnerable to environmental factors and cause irritation.

However, if you have a specific event or function during the day that requires smooth and bright skin, it is okay to exfoliate in the morning. Just be sure to follow up with sunscreen and avoid any harsh or abrasive exfoliants.

Exfoliation is an essential step in any skincare routine, but it is vital to choose the right type of exfoliant for your skin. Remember to start slowly, patch test first, and always prioritize sun protection. With these tips in mind, you can achieve smoother, brighter, and healthier-looking skin with regular exfoliation. So go ahead and add this crucial step to your skincare routine today! Happy exfoliating!

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