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5 Tips To Pass Anatomy and Physiology



What are anatomy and physiology?

Anatomy and physiology deal with different body organs and their functions. Anatomy studied at the macroscopic level is known as gross or topographical anatomy. Physiology deals with different functions of body organs. For instance, the brain and the parts of the brain like the hypothalamus hemisphere and cerebral membrane are part of the anatomy. The physiological functions of the brain include mobility, sight, touch, thoughts, memory, logical reasoning, taste, temperature, hunger, and all other bodily functions that receive the command from the brain.

Importance of anatomy and physiology

Studying and preparing for anatomy may appear like an uphill task till one realizes that it is the framework based on which other medical and clinical courses are structured. It is not possible to specialize in obstetrics and gynecology if they don’t comprehend the anatomy of the human reproductive system and other allied functions that affect the reproductive system. When one does not understand how to learn anatomy and physiology at home, it is a good option to join online courses.

The physiology of a body organ refers to all the functions that are carried out by an organ. It in a way is the study of life as science deals with the core functions of each organ of a body. Apart from core healthcare professional courses like medicine and nursing programs, anatomy and physiology courses are taken for other allied services like paramedics, chiropractors, beauty therapists, and physiotherapists.

Methods to teach and learn anatomy and physiology

  • Cadaver dissection

Anatomy and physiology are best taught through cadaver dissection. However, in practice, less than 1% of the total population of qualified healthcare professionals can learn through a cadaver.

  • Anatomy teaching aids

Replicas of the core anatomy topics like reproductive, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, and skeletal systems are used in teaching through resin models or toy-like structures that explain a cross-sectional view of the internal organs of the body like the heart, brain, teeth, bones, stomach, and lungs.

  • Simulation labs

With advanced teaching solutions powered by machine learning and artificial intelligence, the simulation of an entire anatomy of a body part, exposing all the internal organs can be illustrated through immersive exploratory videos.

  • Radiology

X-rays, MRI, and CT scan reports help a prospective doctor or nurse understand the features of these machines and give them the comfort level to read the reports and grasp the health condition of the patient.

  • Pathology reports

Pathology reports refer to anatomy at the tissue and cellular level. It is known as histology and pathology respectively, as the study of tissues and microbial infections in the body. Histology and pathology reports are important in examining the spread of disease and the intensity of critical conditions like cancer and auto-immune diseases.

Studying for anatomy and physiology courses need not be an excruciating task if planned. Here are some tips that can aid in preparation for your anatomy and physiology courses:

  1. Building blocks

Anatomy and physiology are the core science behind other interdisciplinary subjects. Critical thinking questions from licensure exams for healthcare courses like USMLE and NCLEX are based on the basics of anatomy and physiology.

Instead of preparing for this course only to clear it, if one comprehends the causes and effect relationship and the conceptual knowledge, it is beneficial. These topics need to be practiced and retained to help healthcare professionals make active progress in their careers.

Every course in healthcare studies is related to the physiological functions of a healthy body and advanced studies refer to changes in the functions when afflicted with a disease.

  1. Pattern study

Every student develops a pattern for studying that helps them retain the learnings for a longer time. Few use mnemonics and abbreviations to remember long series of words. Any pattern that helps memorize information for a long time and works for a student should be adopted. Some students like repeating, and reading aloud to remember the information. Others like to understand and make notes. Try all patterns before customizing a method that may involve some or all of the memory retention techniques.

  1. Online courses

Medtech courses with interactive videos covering a range of topics help a student understand the difficult to process information, through easy illustrations. With 3D maps of any of the core anatomy topics, a student can click on them and get further information. For instance, an image of the skeletal system when clicked on the head will show various parts of the skull, jaws, and teeth bones with labels. Such immersive techniques are very engaging and help students recall easily.

  1. Practice quizzes

Answering as many quizzes as possible helps cover more points, and repetition of learning activities and testing ingrains the matter for a longer duration. Always practice the quiz immediately after reading a new topic to test comprehension and self-examine yourself.

  1. Study groups

Studying with a group of friends helps them share the best practices for studying. Playing flashcards with study groups will aid in recalling the topics and learning anything that might have been missed due to oversight. When studying in a group there is always peer motivation to do well and score more. This factor helps students stay focused on their studies. Study groups also help in bursting the bubble when the environment gets heated up due to continuous reading.


Twelve core anatomy topics cover major functional systems of the body and different branches of physiology. For instance, defense physiology helps a physician determine how the immune system of the body will respond to protect it against a possible disease attack.

The treatment plan is highly dependent on such trivia and can normally go wrong if the reports are not grasped or understood in totality. This is the reason anyone pursuing a healthcare professional needs to get a strong grip on anatomy and physiology topics. Constant and periodical revisions of the subject and keeping abreast with the latest information in the related discipline will help students clear the exams and use the knowledge to their advantage for a fulfilling healthcare career. 

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How Much Do Dental Implants Cost in Manchester, NH?




dental implants

Dental implants are special because they are the only type of restoration that replaces both the root and crown. They can significantly benefit your appearance, chewing function, and oral health. A single-tooth dental implant typically costs between $2,500 to $4,000 in Manchester, NH.

Benefits of Dental Implants

Provide Natural Chewing Functions

People with damaged or missing teeth know how difficult it can be to chew food. Implants restore your ability to eat the foods you love without worrying about your teeth.

Keep Existing Teeth in Place

Missing teeth cause their neighbors to shift. When teeth drift out of position, they can become crossed and crowded. Crooked teeth are significantly more difficult to keep clean, leading to higher gum disease and tooth decay rates.

Preserve Jawbone Strength

When the jawbone lacks stimulation from chewing, it reabsorbs into the body. Jawbone deterioration can lead to the loss of adjacent teeth and a “sunken” appearance on your face. A dental implant anchor bonds with your jawbone and provides the stimulation it needs to stay healthy.

Improve Your Appearance

Dental implants brighten your smile and improve how you look as well as how you feel about yourself. They look almost exactly like natural teeth. Without being told you have an implant, people will not necessarily be able to distinguish it from a healthy tooth. 

How Dental Implants Work

Dental implants are medical devices that fully replace a natural tooth. Surgically implanted, the titanium “root” or anchor bonds with the jawbone and creates a solid foundation. The anchor holds a stainless steel abutment, upon which the oral surgeon places a dental crown to complete the restoration.

Good Candidates for Dental Implants

Damaged or Missing Teeth

If you have one or more teeth missing, you could be a candidate for implants. Oral surgeons always prefer to leave healthy teeth alone.

Sufficient Jawbone Mass

Dental implants need enough bone mass to anchor in the jaw. If you do not have enough bone mass in your jaw, you can likely undergo a procedure called a dental bone graft before implanting the anchor.

General Good Health

Since dental implants involve a surgical process, you need to be in sufficiently good health to undergo the procedure. People with certain medical conditions like cancer and diabetes may be unable to have surgery.

Non-Smoker or Willing to Quit

Tobacco use interferes with the healing process. For this reason, most oral surgeons recommend that you quit using tobacco before getting dental implants.

Manchester Oral Surgery in Manchester, NH provides dental services such as dental implants, wisdom teeth removal and bone grafting. They pride themselves in their attention to detail that they give to their patients by way of education and providing options to get them to be functional and to feel confident.

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Do RAW Cones Expire?




marijuana plant

We are always taught to pay attention to expiration dates so we don’t end up ingesting something bad. While this may work well for the food shoved in the back of your pantry, one thing you may never have thought to consider though is whether or not your RAW cones expire.

How long do you keep them around? Should you be storing them in a certain way to preserve their life? Or are they just going to last forever? 

Because you want to always have the best smoke sesh imaginable, let’s find out whether or not your RAW cones may expire.

What is a RAW Cone? 

RAW cones are pre-rolled paper cones that anyone can use. Unlike building up skill and taking the time to roll the perfect joint, these cones are easy to use and can have you ready to light it up within minutes. Simply fill up the cone, pack it gently, and twist the end to seal it. Give it a little shake and light it up. Many smokers find them to be incredibly convenient. 

RAW pre-rolled cones can save you so much time and will help you to ditch the rolling paper once and for all. They are made of high-quality, unrefined fibers using an eco-friendly process – so you can feel good about that, too. 

Do RAW Cones Expire? 

Technically, no – RAW cones do not expire. You are not going to open them up one day and find mold growing inside them or see that they have totally disintegrated. And, unlike rolling papers, RAW pre-rolled cones do not have an adhesive that will weaken over time. 

What you may find, however, is that these pre-rolled cones can dry out as time passes. On the other hand, if they get moist or wet, this could, of course, impact their ability to get the job done, too. 

If you packed your RAW cones away for years to come, you probably would not find them to be as great of a cone as you have today. So the best advice would be to quit worrying about whether they expire and instead buy more frequently. That way you never have to question just how fresh your cone is. 

It is always a good idea to purchase pre-rolled RAW cones that are made with all-natural ingredients and unrefined fibers. 

How to Store RAW Cones

There are no specific guidelines to follow when it comes to storing RAW cones. However, keeping them in a hard air-tight container that will avoid moisture is always a good idea. And it will keep them from being crushed, too. 

Perhaps one of the best things about RAW pre-rolled cones is that you just don’t have to worry about them. They don’t have an expiration date and you don’t have to purchase any fancy storage containers to keep them fresh. All you have to do is fill them and smoke them and enjoy them – in that order. 

Ready to legally enjoy your marijuana? You are going to need RAW pre-rolled cones – and Green Blazer can help. They are a certified RAWthentic pre rolled cones distributor and a homegrown Las Vegas small business cultivating community and culture one cone at a time. 

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What Is Sleep Apnea? Common Signs & Symptoms




man in bed snoring with sleep apnea

Do you or someone else in your household snore at night? Do you wake frequently at night and feel tired the next day? These are just a few common signs of sleep apnea, a disorder that affects your breathing while you sleep. Untreated it can lead to a variety of health issues from lack of energy, sluggish metabolism, compromised immune system, heart disease, and more. 

Wondering if you may have sleep apnea? Learn the common signs and symptoms as well as the cause and treatment options. 

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

  • Snoring. The most common symptom is snoring, caused by vibrations of the tissues in the back of the mouth and throat as the air passes over them. 
  • Pauses in breathing while sleeping. Sleep apnea causes you to stop breathing for seconds at a time while you sleep. 
  • Waking up gasping for air. After a long pause in breathing you may wake up feeling out of breath and gasping for air. 
  • Lack of energy. Sleep apnea leads to poor quality sleep, causing you to feel tired and lacking energy throughout the day. 
  • Dozing off during the day. The sleep deprivation from sleep apnea can cause you to doze off easily during the day. It usually happens if you’re relaxing on the couch or in a chair, but it can happen in more dangerous places like behind the wheel. 
  • Headaches. Lack of sleep and oxygen deprivation can lead to headaches, usually in the morning but can occur throughout the day. 
  • Dry mouth in the morning. If you wake up with a dry mouth it may indicate that you are snoring or breathing through your mouth at night, which is a sign of sleep apnea. 
  • Teeth grinding. Sleep apnea is often associated with teeth grinding. Many patients who have sleep apnea also grind their teeth at night. 
  • Trouble with focus. Lack of sleep can make it difficult to focus on work or other tasks. 

What Causes Sleep Apnea?

When you sleep the soft tissues of your mouth relax and slide back toward the throat and the throat tissues can collapse, which obstructs your airway. Snoring is the sound of the vibrations made when air moves over these tissues. In severe cases your airway may become completely blocked and you can stop breathing for seconds at a time. Even though you are asleep, your brain eventually registers the lack of oxygen and you rouse from sleep enough to change positions and begin breathing again. These frequent interruptions to your sleep prevent you from getting quality sleep at night, which leads to health issues. 

How is Sleep Apnea Treated?

There are two main treatments for sleep apnea:

  • Oral appliance. An oral appliance, sometimes called a sleep apnea mouthguard, can be worn in the mouth while you sleep. It respositions your jaw and prevents the soft tissues of your mouth from sliding back to block your airway. Many patients can get relief from their sleep apnea symptoms and get better quality sleep with this simple appliance. 
  • CPAP machine. Sleep apnea can also be treated with a CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) machine. It consists of a mask worn over your mouth and nose while you sleep that is connected by a hose to a machine that provides a constant flow of air to keep your airway open. 

Patients who can get relief from an oral appliance tend to prefer it over a CPAP machine because it is compact and comfortable. However, some patients with severe cases may require a CPAP machine to treat their condition. 

Who Should I See for Sleep Apnea Diagnosis and Treatment?

If you have symptoms of sleep apnea you may wonder what type of professional to go to about it. While your primary care physician may be able to diagnose and treat your sleep apnea, your dentist should be your first point of contact. Dentists specialize in conditions of the mouth, jaw, and teeth, which are the most common source of sleep apnea. 

Savannah Dental Solutions is a trusted dentist who can help with your sleep apnea. We strive to provide optimal dental health, cosmetic dentistry, and pediatric dentistry in a gentle and caring manner. Contact us today to see how we can help you get better quality sleep at night. 

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