Summer is around the corner and that means more skin being exposed to the dangerous sun. It’s important that we take care of our skin by wearing sunscreen and covering up at times because the sun can be deadly. Simply wearing sunscreen will decrease the risk of developing skin cancer, so why are only 24 percent of American’s wearing it?

SPF isn’t just a number, be knowledgeable about sunscreen and be safe while having fun in the sun. Use this easy guide to sunscreen facts and fiction.

BROAD SPECTRUM

Every sunscreen is different so know what exactly you are putting on your skin and be safer. For total coverage, look for “Broad Spectrum” on the bottle and know that you are protected from all the dangerous rays. This will keep you safe from UVA and UVB rays. The FDA makes these sunscreens go through extra testing to guarantee the protection against UV rays.

SPF 30 OR HIGHER

Yes, the golden number of sunscreen is SPF 30; this blocks 97 percent of the sun’s UV rays. SPF 15 only blocks out 93 percent but big dog SPF 50 blocks out 98 percent. Get your sunblock game on point with SPF 50 and be sure that you are safe.

DARKER SKIN STILL NEEDS PROTECTION

Just because you have darker skin doesn’t mean you can’t get skin cancer, so be sure to still use sunscreen. The darkest skin tone only has an SPF of 13 while caucasian skin has an SPF of 3. It’s silly to not use sunscreen when all the science says to wear it.

NONE ARE ACTUALLY WATERPROOF

Stop wasting extra money on sunscreen that says they are water or sweat proof none are completely waterproof. Manufacturers can’t say that anymore and now must claim they are water-resistant for up to 40 or 80 minutes.

REAPPLY AFTER 2 HOURS

The best way to get around the fact that they aren’t waterproof is to reapply every two hours. If you want total coverage then reapplying is your only bet unless you want to wear a T-shirt in the water…yuck.

SPF DOESN’T MEAN IT’S SAFE

In theory, SPF stands for the amount of time you can spend in the sun without getting burned. This theory works on paper but in the real world, the sun has differing powers. The sun is much more powerful the closer you are to the equator and depending on the time of day. The sun is most powerful form noon to 4 pm, so be aware that that is prime burning time.

NO BABIES UNDER 6 MONTHS

Sunscreen isn’t safe for children, especially babies. Instead of using sunscreen, try clothing and shade to keep your babies skins safe.

CLOUDY SKIES

Just because it’s cloudy out doesn’t mean you can get away without wearing protection. The sun’s harmful rays are more powerful during cloudy times, so you can really burn badly under a cloudy sky.

The more you know the better chance you have of keeping safe from that harmful sun, it’s such a jerk sometimes dude.